GUI Features

Useful hotkeys

  • * makes the full cell hierarchy visible. Otherwise only cell frames may be visible. Also accessible from “Display -> Full hierarchy” in the top menu.

  • F2 centers the view on the top cell.

  • Shift+F2 centers the view on the selected cell.

Placing Elements

KQC Elements are implemented as KLayout PCells. There are two ways to insert Elements into the layout:

  1. dragging from Libraries toolbox

  2. using “instance” tool from the toolbar

Either of these makes KLayout ask for a corresponding PCell instance from the Library. If the corresponding PCell instance does not yet exist, corresponding code from the KQC library is evoked.

Here is an animation demonstrating dragging from the Libraries toolbox

../_images/placing_pcell.gif

Modifying Element parameters

If an Element is in the layout, one can change its parameters by double clicking the Element which should make Object properties window appear. In the window there is a PCell parameters tab. Changes in the parameters take effect when one clicks Ok or Apply. At this event, corresponding PCell instance is created or reused from the Library.

../_images/modifying_pcell.gif

Due to the non-intuitive way KLayout is implemented there are a few common mistakes which prevent one from getting Object properties window when double clicking the element.

  • One is clicking on a Box instead of a PCell instance. Some PCells have boxes around them and selecting a box has a higher importance than selecting an instance. One can see which is selected from the bottom edge of the screen. One can disable selecting boxes from “Edit -> Select” dropdown menu.

  • The Element is no longer a PCell. If the PCell has been “turned static” it is no longer generated by code and parameters cannot be changed.

  • The Element is inside another PCell. One can only change parameters of the top level Element. If one desires to change parameters of the sub-elements, the top level element should be turned static before.

Modifying waveguides

Some PCell parameters are geometric objects. For example, Coplanar Waveguide has a “guide path” parameter. In the cell view window it is displayed as a black Path object. The geometric parameters can be changed using Partial tool in the toolbar.

  • Double clicking a path creates additional nodes.

  • Dragging edges shifts the edge and adds orthogonal segments to keep the path connected.

  • Dragging nodes shifts the nodes.

PCell shape is updated after each change in the parameters.

../_images/modifying_waveguide.gif

Converting elements placed in GUI into code

KQCircuits includes a macro export_cells_as_code.lym that can be used to convert elements placed in GUI into code that can be used in chip PCells. For more information, see the docstring and comments in the macro. The following animation demonstrates how a chip is modified by placing elements in the GUI and how to use this macro to include those elements in PCell generation code:

../_images/converting_gui_elements_to_code.gif

The macro has special handling for waveguides (of WaveguideCoplanar type). The code generated for them automatically detects nearby reference points of other elements, and uses these instead of hardcoded points as the positions of the waveguide nodes. See the Modifying waveguides section above for instructions on how to modify WaveguideCoplanar in GUI.

In order to make waveguides connect “nicely” to ports of other elements, most ports in KQC elements have an additional “corner refpoint”. To connect a waveguide to port “a” of instance “x”, you should generally place its first two points at x_port_a and x_port_a_corner. The corner point is not needed if the next point would anyway be in the direction of x_port_a_corner, since the purpose of the corner point is only to make the direction of the first waveguide segment aligned with the port.